We live in a digital world where most of the work done is computerized. Through science and technology, automation has improved several businesses all around the globe.
Several processes in business are being automated by machines or robotics to ensure efficiency and productivity. Although this seems to be beneficial to mankind, it also has its own detriments. This article enlightens you on the various pros and cons of automation.
WHAT IS AUTOMATION?
Automation involves the use of technology or computer-controlled devices to control or monitor several processes. Here, technological devices are created to minimise human efforts as well as ensure productivity and efficiency.
It is found to be essential in several areas like defense, manufacturing, transport, information technology, utilities, and more. It performs several operations such as integration, installation, maintenance, marketing of products, and even sales.
- LOW PRODUCTION COST
Automation enhances low production costs for businesses, especially in the manufacturing sector. The process of operation is cheaper as you don’t need to employ workers that will perform some significant tasks. Aside from the cost of electricity, instructions, and repair, you don’t really have to cater to anything else.
For instance, adding labels or tags on some products will be better achieved by machines or computerized devices. This is because you are not required to pay machines, unlike humans. In short, automation boosts the production process at zero cost without utilizing the help of manual labor.
- CONSISTENT OUTPUT/EFFICIENCY
Humans can be consistent while performing their assigned tasks. However, it can’t continue for long. Since humans also differ from each other, production rate will definitely vary thereby not producing the desired result. However, machines or computer-controlled devices are known to perform to their peak level without any form of disruption.
Unless there is a mechanical fault in the machine, there is always consistency in the total number of outputs daily. They can work 24/7 and do not need to take a break. Their speed is constant and is always efficient while performing a task.
Humans do not usually perform difficult tasks. This is because it is not just safe for them to perform. As a result, machines are required to perform jobs that require lots of manpower or dangerous tasks. For instance, lifting heavy objects or mixing hazardous chemicals is best performed by machines. With automation, workplace injuries are reduced and safety is guaranteed.
- INCREASED REVENUE GENERATION
Since minor repetitive tasks are handled and managed efficiently by automation, humans can focus on driving sales and generate revenue up to the desired level. Also, tasks that are known to suck up profit are re assigned to be handled by AI. With low production costs, consistent output and high efficiency, revenues are amassed greatly within a short period of time.
- CREATION OF JOBS
Automation leads to dependency on AI. This means there will be a higher demand for maintenance, expansion, or even development. As a result, there is the creation of newer jobs relating to this field. In fact, future generations will tend to flock towards this field. STEM related-courses will be seen as an integral part of the system thereby leading to more jobs
- LOSS OF JOBS
Automation will lead to loss of jobs in the next few years. There will be massive unemployment by the time AI takes up the role of different sectors particularly in developed countries. For instance, the trucking industry estimates that about 1.7 million drivers could lose their jobs by the inception of self-driving cars. This doesn’t apply to one industry. It applies to several others. From waitressing, marketing and many more, tons of jobs are likely to be lost.
- COSTLY MAINTENANCE
Maintaining a machine especially a computerized one requires a lot of money. From system update to faulty parts, we would only realize the full cost by time operation begins. Aside from this, broken electronics may just be too exorbitant to purchase. Also, regular upgrades are required for the machine to keep up with the latest activities.
- DEPENDENCY ON TECHNOLOGY
Using automated machines will only lead to full dependency on technology. From the companies to the consumers, all will find it difficult to keep abreast of the way things are done manually. Although the path is not clear, the future will reveal itself as more jobs become automated.
- HIGH COST OF TECH
Automated machines require experts from various fields such as Artificial Intelligence, Software engineering, and many more. It takes lots of time, calculations, and accurate precision to develop one. As the demand for the service of these experts increases, companies will be required to pay more to them.
We live in a world where everything is gradually being computerized. This may seem beneficial to us. However, its limitations will be clearly observed. To avert dependency on technology and technological advancements, there will be a need for balance in the world